To show the organization of the course that includes this module, follow this link Course organization
The goal of the course is to learn the main concepts of General Chemistry.
Chemical and physical phenomena. Fundamental laws of Chemistry. Atomic structure of matter. Periodic properties. Chemical reactions. Stoichiometry. Gases, solids, liquids. The chemical bond. Thermochemistry and thermodynamics. Phase diagrams and properties of solutions. Chemical kinetics. Chemical equilibrium. Equilibria in acqueous solutions. Electrochemistry.
The experiments in the General Chemistry laboratory integrate the knowledge gained by the student in the theoretical part of the Course. The student will also obtain information about the common equipment present in a chemical laboratory and how to work in safe conditions.
The numerical excercises integrate the knowledge gained by the student in the theoretical part of the Course. In particular, the goal is to teach the student how to solve real problems of chemical interest.
- Introduction, properties, measurements and their units
- Elements, atoms and compounds
- Nomenclature of inorganic compounds
- Types of reactions: precipitations, acids and bases, redox
- General principles of stoichiometry
- Termochemistry: internal energy, enthalpy, reaction enthalpies
- Atomic structure; Bohr's model, quantum mechanics
- Periodic properties: atomic and ionic radii, ionization energy, electronic affinity, electronegativity
- Covalent bond
- Polarity of the bonds
- Molecular shape: VSEPR theory
- Van der Waals forces
- Properties of liquids
- Properties of solids
- Solutions; concentrations
- Colligative properties
- Chemical kinetics; reaction mechanisms
- Chemical equilibria
- Acids and bases and their solutions; hydrolysis; buffer solutions
- Solubility equilibria
- Spontaneous reactions; free energy
- Electrochemical cells
- Nuclear chemistry and radiochemistry
5 General Chemistry experiments
The examination consists of a written part, consisting of stoichiometry problems and questions on the theory of General Chemistry.