Viticolture practices and mechanization (2021/2022)

Course code
Academic sector

Learning outcomes

Viticultural techniques module (6 CFU). The evolution in terms of quality and the simultaneous decline in consumption of wine, have imposed a substantial modification of the technical-cultivation of the vineyards. It was therefore tried to put in place at various levels, technical-scientific and practical, a model of viticulture compatible with the characteristics of the sites of cultivation, in which it is necessary to the minimum of external inputs to achieve the highest possible quality levels in relation to the environmental vocation. The decision-making process that, through knowledge and parameterization of environmental characteristics, has led to the development of vineyards in harmony with the environment, both from a design point of view and management and has determined, in turn, the establishment of plants less demanding in terms of water and nutrition and in any case where the vegetative-productive development was connected with the characteristics of the wines. Viticulture, in many cases, has become an instrument of protection and restoration of environmental balance, being able to attribute to it today not only the productive function, but also conservation and environmental protection. The course presents the different growing techniques in viticulture, examines the problems and effects on productivity and quality. In particular, the course examines how plant the vineyard, the different forms of vine training and pruning systems, techniques of soil management of vineyards, the techniques of irrigation, the mineral nutrition of the grapevine, particular reference to the systems of fertilization to soil and foliar, the canopy management and methods of harvest. Mechanisation module (3 CFU). The course describes the main machines used to manage the vineyard, from those for the soil cultivation to machines for grape harvest.