General and Inorganic Chemistry (2019/2020)

Course code
4S00136
Credits
9
Coordinator
Marco Giovanni Bettinelli
Academic sector
CHIM/03 - GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Language of instruction
Italian
Teaching is organised as follows:
Activity Credits Period Academic staff Timetable
teoria 7 I semestre Marco Giovanni Bettinelli

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esercitazioni 1 I semestre Marco Giovanni Bettinelli

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laboratorio [1° turno] 1 I semestre Marco Giovanni Bettinelli

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laboratorio [2° turno] 1 I semestre Marco Giovanni Bettinelli

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laboratorio [3° turno] 1 I semestre Marco Giovanni Bettinelli

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laboratorio [4° turno] 1 I semestre Marco Giovanni Bettinelli

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Learning outcomes

The aim of the course is to acquire the main concepts of General Chemistry and some notions of Inorganic Chemistry. In particular: - models and general concepts for the explanation and prediction of some physics and chemistry properties of systems of increasing complexity: single atoms, ions, molecules, pure substances, macroscopic systems of one or more components; - concepts and methods to qualitatively and quantitatively predict the variations of the intensive and extensive properties of chemical systems in evolution. The course is integrated with a series of introductory laboratory experiments.

Syllabus

Introduction. Chemical and physical properties of matter and their measurements.
Elements, atoms and compounds.
Nomenclature of inorganic compounds.
Types of chemical reactions. Reaction stoichiometry.
Ideal and real gases.
Thermochemistry. Internal energy and enthalpy. Standard enthalpy of reaction and formation.
Atomic structure. Atomic orbitals. Electronic configuration, Aufbau principle.
Periodic properties: atomic and ionic radii, ionization energy, electron affinity, electronegativity.
Elementary notions on the ionic bond. Ionic compounds.
Covalent bond. Lewis formula. Resonance. Molecular geometry and polarity. Orbital hybridisation. Single and multiple bonds.
Interparticle forces.
Properties of liquids. Solutions. Colligative properties.
Properties of solids.
Chemical kinetics. Arrhenius equation. Reaction mechanisms.
Chemical equilibrium. Equilibrium constant.
Acid-base equilibrium. Acid, base and salt solutions. Acid-base titration. Buffer solutions.
Solubility equilibrium.
Entropy. Spontaneous processes. Gibbs free energy. Standard free energy of reaction and formation.
Electrochemical cells. Electrolysis.
Radiochemistry.
Introductory laboratory experiments

Assessment methods and criteria

The examination consists only of a written paper, containing 22 multiple choice tests. In order to pass the exam, it is necessary to obtain at least 60% of the maximum number of points. The exam does not differ for students who attend the lessons or not.